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Dore ibihugu 5 bya mbere bya Afurika aho ubucakara bukomeje kwiyongera[AMAFOTO]

Amakuru   Yanditswe na: Martin Munezero 1 October 2020 Yasuwe: 6066

Hashobora kuba hashize ibinyejana birenga bibiri kuva Ubucuruzi bwabacakara bwa Trans-Atlantike burangiye, ariko ubucakara buracyari muzima mubihugu byinshi bya Afurika ndetse no mubihugu bya kera.


Ubundi buryo butandukanye bwubucakara buracyahari kumugabane wose, harimo serivisi zo murugo, uburetwa bwimyenda, ubucakara bwa gisirikare, imbata zibitambo, ubucuruzi bwabacakara baho, nibindi byinshi.

Dore ibihugu bitanu bya mbere bya Afurika aho ubucakara bukomeje kwiyongera.

1. Mauritania

Muri Mauritania, ubucakara bumaze imyaka ibihumbi bukorwa, cyane cyane na Berber zifite uruhu rworoshye, bakunze kwita “beydan” (Abazungu), hamwe na Berber-Arabiya bivanze – bose bakomoka kuri ba nyir’abacakara bavugwa mu gace kabo. nka “al-beydan.”

Abirabura bo muri Mauritani bo mu moko mato, bitwa aba “Moors” cyangwa “Haratin,” bagize umubare munini w’abacakara mu gihugu cya Afurika y’Amajyaruguru.

Hano, imbata n’ababakomokaho bafatwa nk’umutungo wuzuye wa ba shebuja. Nubwo iyi myitozo yabujijwe muri Mauritania mu 1981, iracyakwirakwira mu bice bimwe na bimwe by’igihugu.

2. Sudan

Ubucakara muri Sudani bwatangiye mu gihe cyo hagati. Vuba aha byongeye kwiyongera mu gihe cy’intambara ya kabiri y’abaturage ya Sudani yabaye hagati ya 1983 na 2005.

Mu gihe cy’intambara, abakangurambaga b’uburenganzira bwa muntu bavuze ko ubucakara bwiyongereye muri iki gihe kandi bashinja leta ya Sudani gushyigikira no guha intwaro imitwe yitwara gisirikare itwara imbata muri igihugu.

Mu gusubiza ibyo birego, guverinoma ya Sudani yavuze ko ubucakara ari umusaruro w’intambara hagati y’imiryango itagenzuraga.

Ikibabaje ni uko imyitozo iteye isoni iracyakomeza mu bice bimwe na bimwe by’igihugu nyuma yimyaka icumi intambara irangiye.

Abenshi mu baja muri Sudani ni abo mu bwoko bwa Dinka, Nuer, na Nuba, biganjemo Abirabura mu bigaragara.

Ba shebuja ni abarabu bo mu bwoko bwa Baggara.

3. Libya

N’ubwo ubucuruzi bw’abacakara bwavanyweho muri Libiya mu 1853, buracyakomeza cyane cyane kuva Perezida Muammar Kadhafi yagwa mu 2011.

Abirabura b’Abanyafurika baturuka mu bihugu duturanye bashaka kwambuka berekeza mu Burayi banyuze ku nkombe za Libiya bakunze gufatwa n’inyeshyamba zo muri Libiya bakagurishwa nk’abaja ba shebuja baho.

Iyi migenzo irakwirakwiye cyane ku buryo imiryango iharanira uburenganzira bwa muntu isaba ko umuryango mpuzamahanga wahita witabira.

Ikirushijeho kuba kibi, benshi muri aba bagaragu ni abana baba bataherekejwe bahunga intambara n’ibitotezo mu bihugu byabo.

Habayeho kandi kuvugwa ko impunzi z’abagore zafashwe, zifatwa nk’abacakara b’igitsina muri iki gihugu cya Afurika y’Amajyaruguru.

4. Egypt (Misiri)

Nk’uko Minisiteri y’ububanyi n’amahanga ya Leta zunze ubumwe z’Amerika ibivuga, igihugu cya Misiri ni isoko, inzira nyabagendwa, n’aho igana ku bagore n’abana bagurishwa hagamijwe imirimo y’agahato no gukoreshwa imibonano mpuzabitsina.

Iri shami rigaragaza kandi ko abana bo mu muhanda bagera kuri miliyoni imwe muri iki gihugu cya Afurika y’Amajyaruguru – abahungu n’abakobwa – bakoreshwa uburaya no gusabiriza ku gahato.

Mu mwaka wa 2014, isi yatunguwe n’imigani y’ubucakara n’iyicarubozo byakorewe mu gace ka Sinayi, aho bivugwa ko ibihumbi n’ibihumbi by’abacakara baturutse mu bihugu bituranye n’Afurika bazira gucuruza.

Aba bagaragu ngo baraboheshejwe imunyururu kandi bakabikwa mu bigega by’amazi amezi agera kuri atandatu. Muri bo harimo abagore bafashwe nk’abacakara.

Ubu bivugwa ko mu gace ka Sinayi ari indiri y’abakozi ba Al-Qaeda hamwe na magendu ya Bedouin n’abambuzi bafite ikiganza cy’ubuntu mu bucuruzi bw’abacakara bwa none. Bivugwa ko muri iki gihe hari udutsiko tw’abantu barenga 50 bakorera mu karere ka Sinayi.

5. South Africa (Afurika y’Epfo)

Afurika y’Epfo ni kimwe mu bihugu byinshi byo muri Afurika byababajwe cyane mu bucuruzi bw’abacakara ba Trans-Atlantike. Ku bw’amahirwe macye, ibintu ntabwo byahindutse cyane mu bijyanye no guhagarika ubucakara muri iki gihugu cy’umukororombya: Umwaka ushize, Igipimo cy’ubucakara ku isi cyagereranije ko ubucakara bwa none bugizwe n’abagera ku 250.000 muri Afurika y’Epfo uyu munsi.

Abagera kuri 103.461 bahohotewe ni bo bagaragaye ko bakorewe ubucuruzi bushingiye ku gitsina. Byaravuzwe kandi cyane ko amasosiyete menshi akora divayi muri Afurika y’Epfo agikora ubucakara.

Mu buryo bukunze kugaragara mu bucakara muri Afurika y’Epfo harimo imirimo y’agahato, gucuruza abantu, uburetwa bushingiye ku myenda, gukoresha abana, no gushyingirwa ku gahato.

Author : Martin Munezero

Munezero Martin ni Umwanditsi w’Ikinyamakuru Umuryango. Yatangiye gukorera iki kinyamakuru muri Nzeli 2014.

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