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Reba abanyagitugu 5 ba mbere b’abagome babayeho ku mugabane w’Afurika[AMAFOTO]

Amakuru   Yanditswe na: Martin Munezero 1 October 2020 Yasuwe: 12828

Umugabane wa Afurika wageze kure cyane mu bijyanye no gushyigikira demokarasi, nyamara uracyakeneye gutsinda inzitizi nyinshi mu gihe ugerageza kwandika amateka yawo.


Mu gusubira inyuma kwinshi uyu mugabane wagize mu myaka yashize, harimo abategetsi b’abanyagitugu bakomeje gutanga incungu y’abaturage mu gihe batitaye ku majwi ayo ari yo yose atandukanye.

Aba bategetsi b’igitugu bafite kandi bakomeje gukora amwe mu mahano akomeye ku baturage babo kandi bigaragara ko ntawe basubiza. Dore batanu ba mbere b’abanyagitugu bbuzuye ubugome babayeho mu mateka ya Afurika:

1 Idi Amin Dada, Uganda (1971-1979)

Yavutse mu 1928 i Koboko, muri Protegitora ya Uganda, nyakwigendera-Idi Amin Dada yari umunyapolitiki wo muri Uganda wategetse hagati ya 1971 na 1979. Yinjiye mu gisirikare cy’abakoloni cy’Abongereza mu 1946 kandi agira uruhare mu bikorwa by’Abongereza byibasiye abarwanyi ba Shifta muri Somaliya n’inyeshyamba za Mau Mau. muri Kenya.

Nyuma y’imyaka icyenda y’ubwigenge bwa Uganda mu 1962, Amin yayoboye ihirikwa ry’amaraso rya perezida wa mbere wa Uganda, Milton Obote, maze atangaza ko ari perezida.

2. Charles Taylor, Liberia (1997-2003)

Charles Taylor yavutse mu 1948 i Arthington, mu Ntara ya Montserrado, muri Liberiya, maze ategeka ari Perezida wa 22 wa Liberiya kuva muri Kanama 1997 kugeza yeguye muri Kanama 2003.

Yamaze imyaka itari mike y’ubuzima bwe muri Libiya mu myitozo nk’umurwanyi w’inyeshyamba maze asubira mu gihugu cye mu 1989 kugira ngo ayobore intambara ya mbere y’abanyagihugu yo muri Liberiya yamaze imyaka irindwi.

Nyuma y’iyicwa rya Perezida Samuel Doe mu 1996, Taylor yigaruriye igice kinini cya Liberiya, bituma ashobora kwiyamamariza umwanya wa perezida mu matora rusange yo mu 1997.

Ubutegetsi bwe bumaze imyaka itandatu bwaranzwe n’ihohoterwa ry’uburenganzira bwa muntu, harimo iyicwa ry’abanya politiki, iyicarubozo, gufata ku ngufu, ndetse no kweza amoko, cyane cyane mu gihe cy’Intambara ya Kabiri ya Liberiya (1999-2003).

Yagize kandi uruhare rugaragara mu ntambara yo muri Siyera Lewone (1991-2002) kandi yahoze aregwa n’Urukiko rwihariye rwa Siyera Lewone mu 2003.

Mu 2006, Perezida mushya wa Liberiya, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, yasabye ko yoherezwa muri Nijeriya, aho yari yarahungiye.

Mu mwaka wa 2012, Taylor yahamijwe n’icyaha cy’intambara n’ibyaha byibasiye inyokomuntu n’Urukiko rwihariye mu rukiko mpuzamahanga mpanabyaha i La Haye mu Buholandi, maze akatirwa imyaka 50 y’igifungo.

Yashakanye n’abagore babiri, Enid Tupee Taylor na Jewel Howard, kandi bafitanye abana 14.

3. Hissene Habre, Chad (1982-1990)

Uwahoze ari Perezida wa Tchad, Hissene Habre, yavutse mu 1942 i Faya-Largeau, muri Afurika y’Uburinganire bw’Abafaransa (French Equatorial Africa), maze ajya ku butegetsi nyuma yo guhirika ubutegetsi bwa Gen. Felix Malloum mu 1982 abifashijwemo n’Ubufaransa na Amerika bamuhaye imyitozo, intwaro, ndetse imari.

Ku ngoma ye yamaze imyaka umunani, yaranzwe na bumwe mu bugizi bwa nabi bukabije, harimo ubwicanyi bwa politiki, iyicarubozo, gufata ku ngufu, n’ubwicanyi ndengakamere. Yakuwe ku butegetsi na Perezida wa Tchad uriho ubu, Idriss Deby, mu 1990.

Mu mwaka wa 2012, Urukiko mpuzamahanga rw’ubutabera (ICJ) rwategetse Senegali, aho yari yarahungiye, kumukurikirana cyangwa kumwohereza mu butabera kugira ngo akurikiranwe n’ubutabera mu mahanga.

Muri Gicurasi 2016, Urugereko rudasanzwe rwa Afurika mu rukiko rwihariye rwa Senegali rwasanze Habre ahamwa n’icyaha cyo gufata ku ngufu, ubucakara bw’igitsina, no gutegeka ko abantu 40.000 bica ku ngoma ye maze bamukatira gufungwa burundu.

4. Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, Libya (1969-2011)

Muammar Kadhafi bakunze kwita “Koloneli Kadhafi,” yari umunyapolitiki w’impinduramatwara muri Libiya akaba na perezida wategekaga iki gihugu cya Afurika y’Amajyaruguru kuva 1969 kugeza 2011, igihe yicwaga.

Ku ikubitiro, yari akomeye ku bitekerezo by’ubwenegihugu bw’Abarabu n’abasosiyalisiti, ariko nyuma yaje gutegeka akurikije igitekerezo cye bwite cya gatatu.

Kadhafi yavutse mu 1942 i Sirte mu muryango ukennye wa Bedouin maze aba umunyagihugu w’abarabu igihe yari ku ishuri i Sabha.

Mu 1963, yinjiye mu Ishuri Rikuru rya Gisirikare rya Royal i Benghazi, aho yashinze akagari k’impinduramatwara kamufasha gukora igitero cyiza cyo kurwanya ubwami bwa Senussi bwashyigikiwe n’iburengerazuba bwa Idris mu 1969.

N’ubwo yamamaye cyane kubera imyifatire ye yo kurwanya imperialiste no gushyigikira byimazeyo ubumwe bw’Abarabu n’Afurika, Kadhafi yashinjwaga kandi gutegekesha igitugu, ruswa, no guhohotera uburenganzira bwa muntu. Yafatwaga kandi nk’umwe mu baterankunga bakomeye mu iterabwoba ku isi.

Yishwe n’abarwanyi ba kisilamu mu gihe cy’Abarabu 2011 (Arab Spring).

5. Mobutu Sese Seko, DR Congo (1965-1997)

Mobutu Sese Seko wavutse yitwa Joseph-Desire Mobutu mu 1930 i Lisala, mu cyahoze ari Kongo-Mbiligi, yari umusirikare w’umunyagitugu akaba na perezida wa Zaire kuri ubu ni Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Kongo hagati ya 1965 na 1997, ubwo yahirikwaga na nyakwigendera Perezida Laurent Kabila.

Ku ngoma ye, Mobutu yakoresheje amayeri y’igitugu kugira ngo anige amajwi y’abatavuga rumwe nawe, yikwiza ubutunzi bwinshi ku giti cye, kandi agerageza gusubiza igihugu mu muco w’abakoloni, mu gihe yari ashyigikiwe cyane n’Amerika, yarwanyaga abakomunisiti.

Ubutegetsi bwe bwari buzwiho ruswa, icyenewabo, gufata ku ngufu, iyicarubozo, ubwicanyi ndengakamere, no gukandamiza politiki.

Benshi bavuga ko ari “umunyagitugu wa kera wa Afurika.”

Mu 1996, yategetse abantu bose bo mu bwoko bw’abatutsi kuva muri DR Congo (mbere yitwaga Zaire) cyangwa bakicwa. Iri tsinda ryaje kuba ihuriro ryo kwigomeka kuri Mobutu.

Mu 1997, Laurent-Desire Kabila, abifashijwemo na Perezida wa Uganda, Yoweri Museveni na Perezida w’u Rwanda, Paul Kagame, bashoboye gutsinda DRC, bahatira Mobutu mu buhungiro i Togo.

Nyuma yaje kwimukira muri Maroc, ari naho yapfiriye muri Nzeri 1997. Yashakanye na nyakwigendera Marie-Antoinette Mobutu na Bobi Ladawa Mobutu, babyarana abana 14.

Author : Martin Munezero

Munezero Martin ni Umwanditsi w’Ikinyamakuru Umuryango. Yatangiye gukorera iki kinyamakuru muri Nzeli 2014.

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  • chat_bubble max

    Ariko n ububundi abanya afurika ntabwo twumva; dufunze mumutwe, Abaperezida batagiye bakoresha igitugu ntacyo twageraho kabisa.
    Libya ibyo yagezeho byose ibikesha igitugu cya Gaddafi, cyatumaga bose bamwumvira kandi umurongo abahaye bakawugenderamo nta guseta ibirenge.
    Abandi baperezida bagakwiye kureberaho.

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    Babaye abanya gitugu kuko banze ubuhake bwa bazungu

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    Reka da, Hussein Habré wa Tchad yasimbuye uwitwaga Goukouni Oueddei, uyu na we ni we wari warahiritse uriya mwavuze General Félix Marroum.

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