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COVID-19:Abantu 55 banduye mu Rwanda abandi 98 barakira

Amakuru   Yanditswe na: Dusingizimana Remy 11 September 2020 Yasuwe: 1409

Minisiteri y’Ubuzima yatangaje ko uyu munsi tariki ya 11 Nzeri 2020,mu bipimo 3,027 byafashwe,habonetse abarwayi bashya 55 barimo ab’I Kigali:39 (bapimwe mu bibasiwe kurusha abandi), Kirehe:8, Nyamasheke:3, Rubavu:2, Rusizi:2, Kayonza:1. Abanduye bose bamaze kuba 4,534.


Uyu munsi kandi hakize abantu bashya 98 bituma umubare w’abamaze gukira iki cyorezo bose uba 2,450, abakirwaye ni 2,062.

Ibimenyetso bya Coronavirus birimo inkorora, ibicurane, guhumeka bigoranye n’umuriro. Yandura binyuze mu matembabuzi aturuka mu myanya y’ubuhumekero.

Mu gukomeza kwirinda ikwirakwira rya Coronavirus, abaturarwanda basabwa gukomeza kwitwararika no kubahiriza amabwiriza ya Leta hitabwa cyane cyane ku gukaraba intoki kenshi n’amazi n’isabune no kwambara udupfukamunwa n’amazuru mu gihe umuntu avuye mu rugo cyangwa ahuye n’abantu benshi.

Hari gukorwa amagerageza y’inkingo ku bihumbi by’abantu bashaka urukingira abantu Covid-19, indwara y’ubuhumekero iterwa na virusi yo mu bwoko bw’izitwa corona.

Igikorwa ubundi gishobora kumara imyaka 10, kuva ku bushakashatsi kugera ku kurugeza ku bantu, ubu kiri gukorwa mu gihe cy’amezi gusa.

Abashoramari bashyize miliyari z’amadorari muri ibi bikorwa byo gushakisha vuba bishoboka urukingo rw’iki cyorezo.

Amagerageza y’urukingo Uburusiya bwise Sputnik-V yerekanye gushitura ubwirinzi bw’umubiri kuri iyi virusi kandi kurutera abantu biratangira mu kwezi kwa cumi.

Ubushinwa buvuga ko bwamaze kubona urukingo rukora neza ubu ruri gukorwa ku bwinshi ngo ruhabwe abasirikare.

Gusa hagaragajwe impungenge nyinshi ku muvuduko izi nkingo zombi zakoranywe.

Nta na rumwe muri izo rwashyizwe ku rutonde rw’ishami ry’umuryango w’abibumbye ryita ku buzima (WHO/OMS) rw’inkingo zageze ku cyiciro cya gatatu cy’igerageza - icyiciro cyo kugerageza urukingo ku bantu benshi.

Bamwe mu bari imbere muri iri siganwa bizeye ko inkingo zabo zizemezwa mu mpera z’uyu mwaka - nubwo OMS yo ivuga ko ititeze gutangira gukingira abantu bose Covid-19 mbere ya hagati mu 2021.

Kompanyi AstraZeneca y’Abongereza n’Abanya-Suède iri gukorana urukingo na Kaminuza ya Oxford, yo ubu iri gukora rwinshi mu rwo yamaze kugeraho mu gihe rukiri mu igerageza rya nyuma, yemeje kuzahita iha isi doze miliyari ebyiri zarwo nirumara kwemezwa.

Pfizer na BioNTech, zivuga ko zashoye arenga miliyari imwe y’amadorari muri gahunda yabo y’urukingo rwa Covid-19, bizeye ko ruzaba rwamaze kwemezwa nibura mu kwezi gutaha kwa cumi.

Nirwemezwa, bizaba bivuze ko bazahita batubura bagakora doze nibura miliyoni 100 bitarenze impera za 2020, ndetse birashoboka ko bagera kuri doze miliyari 1.3 ahagana ku mpera za 2021.

Hari kompanyi zisaga 20 zikora imiti ziri mu magerageza y’inkingo zabo.

Ntabwo zose zizaba inkingo zikora neza zemewe - ubusanzwe 10% gusa by’inkingo ziri kugeragezwa ni zo zikora neza. Icyizere ni uko abari kurushaka ari benshi no kubona nyinshi zikora bishoboka.

Gusa nubwo rumwe muri izi nkingo rwakwemezwa ko rukora neza, kuba ruzahita ruba iyanga (rucyeya cyane) nta wubishidikanya.

Kurwanya kurwikubira

Leta zimwe ziri gukora ibishoboka ngo uruzaboneka ruzazigereho vuba, zirakora amasezerano yo guhabwa miliyoni za doze zarwo na kompanyi ziri kuzikora na mbere y’uko ubuziranenge bwazo bwemezwa.

Leta y’Ubwongereza yonyine imaze gusinya amasezerano y’agaciro katatangajwe yo kubona inkingo esheshatu mu ziri gukorwa, zakwemezwa cyangwa zitakwemezwa ko zikora.

Leta ya Amerika yizeye kuzabona doze miliyoni 300 nibura mu kwezi kwa mbere kubera ishoramari mu kwihutisha kubona urukingo.

Ikigo cya Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika cyo kurwanya ibyorezo (CDC) cyamaze no kugira inama za leta kwitegura gahunda zo gukingira ishobora gutangirana n’ukwezi kwa 11.

Gusa ibihugu byose ntibifite ubwo bushobozi.

Ibigo nka Médecins Sans Frontières, ubundi biba biri imbere muri gahunda zo gutwara inkingo no gukingira, bivuga ko ibiri gukorwa n’ibihugu bikomeye ari "ukwikubira kandi biteye akaga gahunda isanzwe yo gukingira".

Ibi bigabanya ingano y’urukingo ruhabwa ibihugu ku isi cyane ku bihugu bikennye.

Mu gihe cyashize, dutanze nk’urugero, igiciro cy’inkingo z’indwara zikomeye cyatumaga ibihugu bimwe bitabasha gukingira abana indwara nka mugiga.

Dr Mariângela Simão, umukuru wa OMS wungirije ushinzwe imiti n’ibikoresho by’ubuvuzi, avuga ko bikenewe ko ibihugu bibuzwa kwikubira urukingo.

Ati: "Hazabaho ikibazo cyo kurugeza kuri bose ku buryo bungana - ko ibihugu byose bigerwaho, ntirube urw’ibishoboye kuriha menshi gusa."

Hari itsinda rishinzwe inkingo ku isi?

OMS iri gukorana n’itsinda ryo kurwanya ibyorezo, CEPI, hamwe n’ihuriro rya za leta n’imiryango ku by’inkingo rizwi nka Gavi, mu kugira ibyo bumvikanaho.

Nibura ibihugu 80 bifite ubukungu bukomeye, kugeza ubu byemeje gahunda yiswe Covax igamije gukusanya miliyari ebyiri z’amadorari bitarenze impera za 2020 yo gufasha kugura no gutanga mu buryo budasumbanya umuti cyangwa urukingo.

Leta ya Amerika, ifite umugambi wo kuva muri OMS, ntabwo iri muri ibyo bihugu.

Kuba ku isi hari kugeragezwa inkingo nyinshi, Gavi yizeye ko nibura hari uruzaba rwabonetse kandi rwemejwe bityo doze yarwo igera kuri miliyari ebyiri bayigeze ku bantu bitarenze impera za 2021.

Dr Seth Berkley ukuriye Gavi agira ati: "Ku nkingo za Covid-19 twifuza ko ibintu bihinduka. Niba ibihugu bikize ku isi bizaba byirinze byonyine ubwo n’ubucuruzi n’imibereho y’abantu muri rusange ku isi izakomeza kuzahara kuko icyorezo cyaba gikomeje ahandi ku isi."

Ni bande bazaruhabwa mbere?

Kompanyi ziri gukora inkingo za Covid-19 si zo zizagena abazakingirwa mbere y’abandi.

Sir Mene Pangalo, umukuru wungirije wa AstraZeneca, yabwiye BBC ati: "Buri muryango cyangwa igihugu ni bo bazagena abazakingirwa mbere."

Kubera ko inkingo zizaboneka mbere zizaba nkeya, kugabanya impfu ku barwaye no kurinda abakora mu nzego z’ubuzima ni byo bishobora kuzitabwaho mbere.

Umugambi wa Gavi ni uko ibihugu byasinye gahunda ya Covax, ibikize n’ibikennye, bizahita bihabwa doze ingana na 3% by’abaturage babyo - ingano ihagije yo kurinda abo mu nzego z’ubuzima.

Uko izindi nkingo zizagenda zituburwa, ibihugu bizahabwa izingana na 20% by’umubare w’ababituye - iki gihe abarengeje imyaka 65 ni bo bazitabwaho n’andi matsinda y’abantu afite ibyago byinshi byo kwandura.

Nyuma y’uko ibihugu byose bibonye 20%, urukingo noneho ruzahabwa ibihugu hari ibikurikijwe, nk’uburyo igihugu cyugarijwe na Covid-19.

Mu gihe miliyari z’amadorari ziri gushorwa mu gukora urukingo, izindi miliyoni nyinshi ziri gutegurwa mu kurugura no kurugeza aho rukenewe.

Agaciro ka doze imwe gaterwa n’ubwoko bw’urukingo, abarukoze n’umubare w’inkingo zifujwe.

Urugero, kompanyi y’imiti yitwa Moderna bivugwa ko iri kugurisha urukingo iri kugerageza ku giciro kiri hagati ya $32 na $37 (30,000 na 35,000Frw)

Serum Institute of India (SII), kompanyi nini ikora inkingo ku isi, igiye guhabwa miliyoni $150 na Gavi hamwe na Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation ngo ikore inatange mu Buhinde no mu bindi bihugu bikennye doze miliyoni 100 z’urukingo ruzaba rwemejwe. Bavuga ko igiciro cyo hejuru kizaba ari $3 (2,900Frw) kuri doze imwe.

Gusa abazakingirwa biteganyijwe ko benshi batazishyuzwa.

Abazakingirwa biciye mu miryango nterankunga ku isi, nabo ntabwo bazarwishyura.

Author : Dusingizimana Remy

Dusingizimana Remy is a journalist for Umuryango.rw. He studied at the University of Rwanda.He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Journalism and Communication. He started his career in writing about sports in 2015.Follow him on Twitter and Instagram @REMY SAGAN

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