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Colombia: Uwigeze gushimutwa n’inyeshyamba aziyamamariza kuba Perezida

Amakuru   Yanditswe na: Dusingizimana Remy 19 January 2022

Íngrid Betancourt wahoze ari senateri muri Colombia yatangaje ko azongera kwiyamamariza kuba Perezida, nyuma y’imyaka 20 ishize ashimuswe n’inyeshyamba ziharanira impinduka.

Madamu Betancourt yari arimo kwiyamamaza mu matora ya perezida yo mu 2002 ubwo yashimutwaga n’inyeshyamba zo mu mutwe wa FARC zikamumarana imyaka itandatu.

Yasezeranyije guhangana na ruswa n’ubucyene mu gihe yaba atsinze aya matora yo mu kwezi kwa gatanu.

Mu murwa mukuru Bogotá, yabwiye abamushyigikiye ati: "Uyu munsi ndi hano kugira ngo nsoze ibyo natangiye".

"Ndi hano kugira ngo mparanire uburenganzira bw’Abanya-Colombia miliyoni 51 batarimo kubona ubutabera, kubera ko tubayeho mu butegetsi buteye mu buryo buhemba [bushimira] abagizi ba nabi".

Inyeshyamba za FARC zari umutwe ugendera ku matwara ya gikomunisiti watangije intambara kuri leta ya Colombia yamaze imyaka irenga 50, mbere yuko hagerwa ku gahenge mu 2016.

Madamu Betancourt, uri mu murongo wa politiki w’ibitekerezo biharanira uburinganire muri sosiyete ariko bitemera impinduka za politiki zahindura sosiyete yose uko yakabaye, yinjiye muri iri hatana mu matora ryamaze kugeramo abandi bakandida barenga 20.

Gustavo Petro, w’ibitekerezo bishaka impinduka wahoze ari umuyobozi w’umujyi wa Bogotá ndetse wigeze no kuba mu mutwe w’inyeshyamba uharanira impinduramatwara wa M-19, ubu ni we uza imbere mu makusanyabitekerezo.

Abanya-Colombia benshi bamubona nk’uwasimbura Perezida wa Colombia Iván Duque, w’ibitekerezo bidashaka impinduka zahindura sosiyete yose uko yakabaye, ubu utemerewe kongera kwiyamamaza kubera igihe ntarengwa cya manda imwe y’imyaka ine. Bwana Duque amaze igihe atakaza cyane umubare w’abamushyigikiye.

Nubwo yamamaye mu mahanga, Madamu Betancourt yakomeje kubaho atigaragaza cyane mu ruhame kuva yatabarwa n’igisirikare cya Colombia mu 2008. Ategerejwe n’urugamba rukomeye mu matora y’icyiciro cy’ibanze rwo kugira ngo atsindire guhagararira urugaga rw’amashyaka - arimo n’irye rya Green Oxygen - ahuje umurongo mugari w’ibitekerezo.

Mu gihe ayo matora yo mu cyiciro cy’ibanze asigaje amezi abiri, byitezwe ko aziyamamaza nk’umukandida wazana ubwiyunge muri iki gihugu aho abaturage barenga miliyoni icyenda bibaruje (biyandikishije) muri leta nk’abagizweho ingaruka n’intambara.

Madamu Betancourt yari arimo yerekeza mu gikorwa cyo kwiyamamaza mu mujyi wa San Vicente del Caguán ku itariki ya 23 y’ukwezi kwa kabiri mu 2002, ubwo yahagarikwaga kuri bariyeri (barrière), agashimutwa n’inyeshyamba za FARC.

Mu myaka itandatu yamaze yarashimuswe aba mu ishyamba ry’inzitane muri Colombia, yakorewe ubugizi bwa nabi n’abamushimuse, mbere yuko ba maneko b’igisirikare cya Colombia babaga mu nyeshyamba za FARC bashobora kumutabara mu kwezi kwa karindwi mu 2008.

Nyuma yaho yamaze igihe kinini aba mu mahanga mu Bufaransa hamwe n’umuryango we.

Inyeshyamba za FARC zarwanye n’ingabo za leta ya Colombia mu ntambara yamaze imyaka irenga 50, yiciwemo abantu barenga 200,000.

Uwo mutwe hamwe na leta bashyize umukono ku masezerano y’amahoro mu 2016, nyuma yaho ubona umwanya mu nteko ishingamategeko, ariko hari imitwe imwe iwukomokaho ikiri mu ntambara na leta ya Colombia.

BBC

Author : Dusingizimana Remy

Dusingizimana Remy is a journalist for Umuryango.rw. He studied at the University of Rwanda.He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Journalism and Communication. He started his career in writing about sports in 2015.Follow him on Twitter and Instagram @REMY SAGAN

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