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Menya intwaro kirimbuzi Uburusiya bufite zishobora guhindura Ukraine umuyonga [Urutonde]

Amakuru   Yanditswe na: Dusingizimana Remy 1 March 2022

Perezida Putin yasabye ko intwaro kirimbuzi z’Uburusiya "zitegurwa bidasanzwe", ibi byongereye impungenge ku isi.

Ariko abasesenguzi bavuga ko ibyo yavuze byaba ari nko kuburira ibindi bihugu kwirinda kwivanga muri Ukraine, aho kuba ubushake koko bwo gukoresha izo ntwaro.

Intwaro kirimbuzi ubu zimaze imyaka hafi 80 ziriho kandi ibihugu byinshi bizibona nk’intwaro yo kwiyizeza umutekano wabyo.

Uburusiya bufite intwaro kirimbuzi zingahe?
Imibare yose y’intwaro kirimbuzi ni igenekereza, ariko ikigo Federation of American Scientists kivuga ko Uburusiya bufite imitwe y’intwaro kirimbuzi (warheads) 5,977 - nubwo aho harimo izigera ku 1,500 zitagishobora gukoreshwa ahubwo zigomba kwangizwa.

’Warheads’ ni ibyuma bibika ubumara kirimbuzi butuma habaho guturika gukomeye, ari nabyo biraswa n’ibindi byabugenewe.

Mu zisaga 4,500 nyinshi zifatwa nk’intwaro z’ingenzi - zimwe muri zo zishobora kuraswa mu ntera ya kure cyane.

Izisigaye ni ntoya, z’ubushobozi kirimbuzi buto, ziraswa hafi nko ku rugamba cyangwa mu nyanja.

Gusa ibi ntibisobanuye ko Uburusiya bufite misile kirimbuzi ibihumbi ziraswa kure ziteguye kuraswa.

’Warheads’ zigera ku 1,588 nizo zisanzwe "zaroherejwe" aho zishobora gukoreshwa, nk’uko inzobere zibivuga, ibyo bivuze ko ziri ku bigo bya bombe na za misile cyangwa ku mato yo munsi mu nyanja.

Bihagaze bite ugereranyije n’ibindi bihugu?

Ibihugu icyenda ku isi nibyo bifite intwaro kirimbuzi: Ubushinwa, Ubufaransa, Ubuhinde, Israel, Korea ya Ruguru, Pakistan, Uburusiya, Ubwongereza na Amerika.

Izisigaye ni ntoya, z’ubushobozi kirimbuzi buto, ziraswa hafi nko ku rugamba cyangwa mu nyanja.

Gusa ibi ntibisobanuye ko Uburusiya bufite misile kirimbuzi ibihumbi ziraswa kure ziteguye kuraswa.

’Warheads’ zigera ku 1,588 nizo zisanzwe "zaroherejwe" aho zishobora gukoreshwa, nk’uko inzobere zibivuga, ibyo bivuze ko ziri ku bigo bya bombe na za misile cyangwa ku mato yo munsi mu nyanja.

Bihagaze bite ugereranyije n’ibindi bihugu?

Ibihugu icyenda ku isi nibyo bifite intwaro kirimbuzi: Ubushinwa, Ubufaransa, Ubuhinde, Israel, Korea ya Ruguru, Pakistan, Uburusiya, Ubwongereza na Amerika.

Ubushinwa, Ubufaransa, Uburusiya, Amerika n’Ubwongereza biri mu bihugu 191 byasinye amasezerano yo kutongera ikorwa ry’izindi ntwaro kirimbuzi azwi nka Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).

Muri ayo masezerano, bagomba kugabanya ’warheads’ kirimbuzi bafite mu bubiko, kandi mu magambo, biyemeje kuzica burundu.

Aya masezerano yagabanyije umubare w’izo ntwaro ibyo bihugu byari bifite kuva mu myaka ya 1970 na 80.

Ubuhinde, Osrael na Pakistan ntibyigeze bijya muri ayo masezerano ya NPT - Korea ya Ruguru nayo yayavuyemo mu 2003.

Israel nicyo gihugu cyonyine muri biriya icyenda kitigeze cyemeza gahunda yacyo yo gukora intwaro kirimbuzi - ariko cyemeje ko gifite ’warheads’ kirimbuzi.

Ukraine nta ntwaro kirimbuzi ifite kandi, nubwo ibishinjwa na Perezida Putin, nta gihamya ko yigeze igerageza kuzitunga.

Izi ntwaro zifite ubushobozi ki bwo kurimbura?
Intwaro kirimbuzi zikozwe mu buryo bwo gusenya by’ikirenga.

Urwego rwo gusenya zigezaho guterwa n’ibintu bitandukanye birimo;

ingano y’umutwe w’intwaro (warhead)
ubutumburuke yaturikiyeho uvuye ku butaka
imiterere y’aho yarashwe

Gusa na ’warhead’ nto kurusha izindi ishobora gutera imfu nyinshi n’ingaruka nini mu gihe kizaza.

Bomb kirimbuzi yishe abantu basaga 146,000 i Hiroshima mu Buyapani mu ntambara ya kabiri y’isi, yapimaga kilotoni 15 (1kt = 1,000t)

Kandi ’warheads’ zo muri iki gihe zishobora kugira kilotoni zirenga 1,000.

Ni nkaho nta kintu cyarokoka ahantu haturikiye igisasu kirimbuzi.

Nyuma y’umurabyo uhuma amaso, hakurikira ikibumbe kinini cy’umuriro, no guturika guhamba gushobora gusenya inyubako zikomeye, n’ibikorwa remezo mu ntera ya kilometero nyinshi.

"Intwaro kirimbuzi zo kwirinda": bivuze iki mu by’ukuri?
Ingingo yo kugira intwaro nyinshi kirimbuzi ni iyo kugira ubushobozi bwo gusenya burundu umwanzi bityo ntabe yatekereza kugutera.

Ijambo rizwi cyane rikoreshwa kuri ibi ni; "kubasha gusenyurana" cyangwa ’mutually assured destruction’ (Mad).

Nubwo habayeho kugerageza kenshi ibisasu kirimbuzi no guhora bahindura imiterere yabyo n’ingufu zo gusenya, izi ntwaro ntizirakoreshwa na rimwe mu mirwano ya gisirikare kuva mu 1945.

Politiki y’Uburusiya yemera ko izi ntwaro zigenewe gusa "kwirinda", ikavuga ahantu hane(4) gusa zakoreshwa, habayeho:

kurasa misile iraswa kure itumbere ubutaka bw’Uburusiya cyangwa inshuti zabwo

gukoresha intwaro kirimbuzi cyangwa izindi ntwaro z’ubwicanyi bukomeye ku Burusiya cyangwa inshuti zabwo

igitero gikomeye ku kigo cya leta cyangwa cya gisirikare cy’Uburusiya gihungabanya ubushobozi bwabo bw’ingufu kirimbuzi

gushotora Uburusiya ukoresheje intwaro zisanzwe zemewe mu gihe kubaho kw’igihugu bigeramiwe.

BBC

Author : Dusingizimana Remy

Dusingizimana Remy is a journalist for Umuryango.rw. He studied at the University of Rwanda.He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Journalism and Communication. He started his career in writing about sports in 2015.Follow him on Twitter and Instagram @REMY SAGAN

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